TIMELINE OF THE GOVERNORS
|U.S. & WORLD HISTORY
||The Republic of Texas becomes a state of the United States of America.
|War between the United States and Mexico.
Elias Howe patents the sewing machine.
Iowa becomes a state.
|Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë, and Jane
Eyre by Charlotte Brontë, are published.
Marx and Engels issue the Communist Manifesto.
Taylor becomes the 12th US President in 1849, dies in 1850
and is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.
The Compromise of 1850 resolves some slavery issues and Texas
becomes a state in 1850.
The Taiping Rebellion takes place in China.
Pierce becomes the 14th US President.
Births of Vincent van Gogh and Sigmund Freud.
Introduction of the Bessemer process in steel production.
Guiseppe Verdi debuts his operas Il Trovatore and La Traviata.
begins on the Texas Governor’s Mansion.
Governor’s Mansion completed in June, 1856.
Buchanan becomes the 15th US President.
Laying of the transatlantic cable begins.
Minnesota becomes a state in 1858.
|A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
The first oil well is drilled in Pennsylvania.
Abraham Lincoln elected as 16th president.
U. S. population is approximately 32 million.
Pasteur develops the germ theory of fermentation.
secedes from US; Sam Houston forced from the office of governor.
Civil War begins when Confederates take Ft. Sumpter on April
Publication of Victor Hugo’s novel Les Misérables.
West Virginia becomes a US state in 1863.
City is captured by the French who install Maximilian as emperor.
Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, gives the Gettysburg
Lee surrenders at Appomattox on April 9, 1865.
President Lincoln assassinated on April 14, 1865, succeeded
by Andrew Johnson.
Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll.
Premier of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde.
Invention of dynamite by Alfred Nobel.
becomes a US state.
Diamond field discovered in South Africa.
Governor’s Mansion occupied by military commander Gen. J. J.
Gen. Sheridan restores military rule in Texas.
Ulysses S. Grant becomes the 18th president of the US
Little Women by Louisa May Alcott is published.
|Standard Oil Company is founded by John D. Rockefeller.
Salt Creek Massacre led by Kiowa chief Satanta, Young County, Texas.
Publication of Anna Karenina, written by Tolstoi.
|First modern toilet facility installed in the Governor’s Mansion.
First gas lights installed in the Mansion.
In Paris, France, first exhibition of Impressionist paintings takes place.
First zoo in America started in Philadelphia.
drafts a new state constitution; Reconstruction ends.
First performance of the opera Carmen, composed by Bizet.
Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
Rutherford B. Hayes becomes the 19th US President.
Birth of Albert Einstein.
|Running water first installed in the Governor’s Mansion.
Rodin sculpts The Thinker
James A. Garfield becomes 20th President.
Chester A. Arthur sworn in as President after the assassination
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
Bill Cody organizes his Wild West Show.
The Texas Capitol building burns down.
Mark Twain’s novel Huckleberry Finn is
Dedication of the Statue of Liberty in New York City.
|Dedication of the newly completed Texas Capitol.
Queen Victoria celebrates her 50th year as queen of England.
“Kodak” box camera design completed by George Eastman.
Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison as the 23rd President.
Hollerith creates the first punch card system.
Wyoming and Idaho become US states.
|U.S. & WORLD HISTORY
|First Lady Sallie Hogg requests the first wallpaper for the Mansion.
Hogg is the first native Texan elected governor.
Internal combustion engine patented.
Henry Ford completes his first car.
First full performance of ballet Swan Lake,
music by Tchaikovsky.
becomes a state of the US
William McKinley becomes US President.
|First major redecoration of the Governor’s Mansion by First Lady Lena
Electric lights installed in the Mansion for
the first time.
The Galveston hurricane of 1901 kills an estimated 6,000 and
devastates most of the city.
Boxer Rebellion in China.
Oil discovered at Spindletop, Texas in 1901.
W. T. Lanham
Wright Brothers make the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk,
Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the US, 1905.
The speed limit is set at 20 m.p.h. in Britain.
O’Henry’s stories published as a book, Cabbages
Russo-Japanese War breaks out in 1904.
Picasso completes his cubist painting Demoiselles
|Major structural addition to the Governor’s Mansion, 1914, includes a modern kitchen, a family dining room, and additional rooms upstairs.
Oklahoma became the 46th state.
The Chinese Democratic Republic under Sun Yat-sen presented
Lyndon B. Johnson born in 1908 (died in 1973).
Ford produced the first Model “T” and General Motors formed
Completion of the Robie House, Chicago, by architect Frank Lloyd
|Colquitt is the first governor of Texas with an automobile.
The Houston Ship Channel opens.
Fall of the Manchu Dynasty in China; a republic forms with Sun
Yat-sen as president.
Marie Curie wins the Nobel Prize in chemistry, 1911.
Arizona and New Mexico become US states.
Over 1,500 die when the Titantic sinks in 1912.
Woodrow Wilson becomes the 28th US president.
The First World War begins in Europe, 1914.
Graham Bell has the first American transcontinental telephone
Publication of Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James
Mexican revolutionary general Pancho Villa raids the US on the
New Mexico border.
Playing of the first Rose Bowl football game.
U. S. enters World War I in 1917.
Abdication of Czar Nicholas II of Russia followed by the October
Impeachment of Gov. Jim Ferguson by the Texas
Senate on Sept. 24, 1917.
Governor Hobby sworn in as Governor on Sept. 26, 1917, replacing
U. S. joins the Allies in World War I, declaring war on Germany,
Hungary and Austria.
Armistice ending the world war signed on November 11, 1918.
Publication of My Antonia by Willa Cather.
Ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution banning
Jack Dempsey becomes the world heavyweight boxing champion.
US President Woodrow Wilson wins the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.
French painter Henri Matisse completes his painting L’Odalisque.
Edith Wharton’s novel, The Age of Innocence, wins the Pulitzer
Prize in 1921.
Warren G. Harding inaugurated as the 29th president of the US
|American biologist Thomas Morgan postulates the chromosome theory of heredity.
Publication of The Wasteland, poem by T. S. Eliot.
Discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt.
Publication of The Ego and the Id by Sigmund
Calvin Coolidge becomes US President after the death of Warren
Sixteen nations participate in the first Winter Olympics.
Americans are using an estimated 2.5 million radios.
Ferguson becomes the first woman governor of Texas, the second
in the US
Publication of The Great Gatsby, a novel
by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Founding of the Chrysler Corporation.
Hirohito becomes Emperor of Japan.
Publication of Winnie the Pooh by A. A.
The opera Turandot, by Puccini, debuts
at La Scala in Milan.
Firing of the first liquid fuel rocket by Robert H. Goddard
of the US
Lindbergh flies non-stop in Spirit of St.
Louis from New York to Paris.
Walt Disney presents the first Mickey Mouse films.
Composer Maurice Ravel completes his orchestral piece Bolero.
Discovery of the penicillin drug by Alexander Fleming.
American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly
across the Atlantic.
The city Constantinople is renamed Istanbul.
The US stock market crashes on October 24, 1929.
|Release of the film Frankenstein, with actor
Boris Karloff as the title character.
Population of the U. S. approximately 122 million.
reaches 13.7 million in the US and over 350,000 in Texas.
Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the 32nd US President.
Adolph Hitler becomes the Chancellor of Germany.
Opening of the Chicago World’s Fair.
American Buildings Survey photographs the Mansion and grounds.
The US goes off the gold standard for its currency.
Repeal of the Prohibition amendment to the US
Constitution Frank Capra directs Academy Award winner It
Happened One Night with Clark Gable.
Current popular songs in the US include Blue
Moon and All Through the Night.
Plebiscite in Germany favors Hitler as Fuhrer.
Debut of Gershwin’s opera, Porgy and Bess.
Iran becomes the new name for Persia.
of Sam Houston Allred, second governor’s child born in the Mansion.
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visits the Mansion
during a trip to Austin.
U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security
Neville Chamberlin takes office as Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Disney releases the animated film, Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs.
Patent for nylon obtained for the American chemical company,
Japan installs a puppet government for China in Nanking, controls
several major cities.
Germany invades Austria.
American author Pearl S. Buck wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The play Our Town by Thornton Wilder wins
the Pulitzer Prize for drama.
|U.S. & WORLD HISTORY
|“Pappy” O’Daniel invites all Texans to a barbecue at the Mansion after his inauguration at U. T.’s Memorial Stadium Gov. O’Daniel broadcasts his Sunday morning radio program from the Mansion.
Germany invades Poland on Sept. 1, 1939; Britain and France
declare war on Germany.
Publication of Ernest Hemingway’s novel, For Whom the Bell
Winston Churchill becomes the British Prime Minister in 1940.
Release of the movie Citizen Kane starring Orson Welles.
Deep in the Heart of Texas becomes a popular song in
attacks Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
First Lady Fay Stevenson dies in the Mansion on Jan. 3, 1942
Start of the Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb.
The play Skin of Our Teeth by Thornton
Wilder wins the Pulitzer Prize.
The D-Day invasion of France by the Allies takes place on
June 6, 1944.
Harry S Truman becomes President of the U.S. upon the death
of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The war in Europe ends on May 8, 1945 and Japan surrenders
on August 14, 1945.
Juan Perón becomes president of Argentina.
Publication of Robert Penn Warren’s novel, All
the King’s Men.
Marriage of Princess Elizabeth of England to Philip Mountbatten,
Duke of Edinburgh.
of the transistor at Bell Labs.
Assassination of Gandhi
Establishment of Israel.
Opening of the musical South Pacific by
Rogers & Hammerstein.
The People’s Republic of China prevails on the mainland, led
by Mao Tse-tung.
Gov. Jester dies of a heart attack while traveling,
the only governor to die in office.
heating and air conditioning first installed in the Mansion.
The Mansion gets its first TV in 1954.
The Korean War begins.
Dwight D. Eisenhauer becomes the 34th President of the U.S.
Publication of J.D. Salinger’s novel, The
Catcher in the Rye.
The 1950 census gives the U.S. population as 150,697,999.
Publication of Dylan Thomas’ Collected Poems.
Maureen Connolly wins the four women’s tournaments in the tennis
Crowning of Queen Elizabeth II in Great Britain.
Publication of Profiles in Courage by
John F. Kennedy, winner of Pulitzer Prize.
Governor’s Mansion receives Austin’s first Texas Historical
Texan Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky piano competition in
Albert Camus wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
Arnold Palmer wins his first Masters golf tournament.
in Cuba, Fidel Castro becomes the Cuban premier.
Publication of To Kill a Mockingbird,
a Pulitzer Prize winning novel by Harper Lee.
John F. Kennedy becomes the 35th President of the U.S.
Construction of the Berlin Wall.
John Steinbeck wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
Death of Marilyn Monroe.
Dr. Michael DeBakey of Houston first uses an artificial heart
to sustain a patient during surgery.
John F. Kennedy assasinated in Dallas on November 22, 1963,
Governor Connally wounded during the assasination of Kennedy.
New York debuts of the musicals Hello Dolly and Fiddler on
Martin Luther King wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Lyndon Baines Johnson wins election as 36th President of the
Hit movies include The Sound of Music
and Dr. Zhivago.
Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India.
Soviet spacecraft lands on the moon.
Six Day War between Arab countries and Israel in 1967.
of Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy.
Woodstock music festival takes place in New York state.
Armstrong, U.S. astronaut from the Apollo 11 spacecraft, walks
on the moon on July 4, 1969.
The National Guard kills four people during student anti-war
protests at Kent State in Ohio.
Richard Nixon is inaugurated as the 37th U.S. President.
Salvador Allende wins election to presidency of Chile.
Opening of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington,
The Watergate Affair begins with the arrest of five men in Democratic
The Dallas Cowboys win the 1972 Super Bowl.
U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and is replaced by Gerald
Secretariat wins the Triple Crown of horse racing .
fire agreement signed by the U.S., Vietnamese governments and
An energy crisis in the U.S. and other countries results from
the Arab oil embargo.
Richard Nixon resigns the presidency and is succeeded by Vice
President Gerald R. Ford.
U.S. evacuates South Vietnam as the country falls to the communists.
United States celebrates its bicentennial in 1976.
Jimmy Carter becomes the 39th U.S. President.
Publication of Roots by Alex Haley.
Visit to Israel by President Anwar Sadat of Egypt.
Death of Elvis Presley.
Pope John Paul II becomes the first Polish-born Pope.
P. Clements, Jr.
Governor’s Mansion undergoes structural restoration and interior
Mid-east peace treaty agreement between Israel, Egypt and the
U.S. at Camp David.
Shah of Iran goes into exile; hostages taken in the U.S. embassy
Ronald Reagan becomes the 40th President of the U.S.
Seachers find the Titanic shipwreck in
Native Texan Sissy Spacek wins Academy Award as best actress
for Coal Miner’s Daughter.
The refurbished Mansion is re-opened to the public on April
Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space on the
Challenger space shuttle.
Prince Charles visits the Governor’s Mansion during the Texas
Lech Walesa of Poland wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Terms of Endearment, based on the novel
by Texan Larry McMurtry, becomes a hit film.
Introduction of the Apple Macintosh computer.
U. S. athelete Carl Lewis wins four gold medals at the Olympic
Sally Field wins Academy Award for best actress for Places
in the Heart, a film set in Texas.
Corazon Aquino becomes president of the Philippines.
Elie Wiesel of the U.S. wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Vincent van Gogh’s painting, Irises, sells at auctin for $49
|U.S. & WORLD HISTORY
P. Clements, Jr.
|The opera Nixon in China by John Adams debuts in Houston.
McDonald’s opens restaurants in Moscow.
George Bush inaugurated as the 41st U.S. President.
Gen. Colin Powell becomes the first black Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Nelson Mandela is freed from prison in South Africa.
Octavio Paz of Mexico wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Texas approves the revival of horse racing in the state.
Persian Gulf War erupts with the invasion of Kuwait.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip are honored
at a reception in the Mansion.
Governor Richards hosts a meeting between Mexican
President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and U.S. President-elect
Bill Clinton at the Governor’s Mansion.
William Jefferson Clinton becomes the 42nd U.S. President.
Germany reunites and elects Helmut Kohl as Chancellor.
of the $190 million Texas Capitol Preservation and Extension
W. Bush resigns as Governor of Texas after becoming President-elect.
|Lt.Governor Perry succeeds as Governor upon Bush’s resignation.
George W. Bush becomes the 43rd U.S. President,
the first Texas Governor to become President.
The Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum opens in Austin.
The Pentagon and World Trade Center are attacked on September 11, 2001.
||Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events.
New York: Simon & Schuster/Touchstone, 1991.
Jean Daniel, Price Daniel and Dorothy Blodgett. The Texas Governor’s Mansion.
Austin: Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, 1984.
The Governor’s Mansion of Texas: A Tour of Texas’s Most Historic Home.
Austin: Friends of the Governor’s Mansion, 1997.
A generous contribution from AT&T supports the educational outreach of the historical importance of the Texas Governor’s Mansion, a National Historic Landmark, through technology and printed materials.