1891-95

March 8, 1891
1891-95
  • First Lady Sallie Hogg requests the first wallpaper for the Mansion.
  • Hogg is the first native Texan elected governor.
  • Internal combustion engine patented.
  • Henry Ford completes his first car.
  • First full performance of ballet Swan Lake, music by Tchaikovsky.

Governor: James Stephen Hogg

Henry Ford motor car

Image: Shutterstock.com

1895-99

March 8, 1895
1895-99
  • Utah becomes a state of the US
  • William McKinley becomes US President.
  • Spanish-American War.

Governor: Charles A. Culberson

Colonel Theodore Roosevelt leads the 1st Volunteer Cavalry in the charge up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

Image: Shutterstock.com

1899-1903

March 8, 1899
1899-1903
  • First major redecoration of the Governor’s Mansion by First Lady Lena Sayers.
  • Electric lights installed in the Mansion for the first time.
  • The Galveston hurricane of 1901 kills an estimated 6,000 and devastates most of the city.
  • Boxer Rebellion in China.
  • Oil discovered at Spindletop, Texas in 1901.

Governor: Joseph D. Sayers

Around 1900, the streets of Austin were still unpaved

Image Courtesy: PICA08734, Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

1903-07

March 8, 1903
1903-07
  • The Wright Brothers make the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, NC.
  • Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the US, 1905.
  • The speed limit is set at 20 m.p.h. in Britain.
  • O’Henry’s stories published as a book, Cabbages and Kings.
  • Russo-Japanese War breaks out in 1904.
  • Picasso completes his cubist painting Demoiselles d’Avignon.

Governor: Samuel W. T. Lanham

President Roosevelt taking the oath of office, March 4, 1905. 

Image: Shutterstock.com

1907-11

March 8, 1907
  • Oklahoma became the 46th state.
  • The Chinese Democratic Republic under Sun Yat-sen presented its programs.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson born in 1908 (died in 1973).
  • Ford produced the first Model “T” and General Motors formed
  • Completion of the Robie House, Chicago, by architect Frank Lloyd Wright.

Governor: Thomas Mitchell Campbell

Governor’s Mansion, circa 1912

Image Courtesy: CN00952 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

1911-15

March 8, 1911
1911-15
  • Colquitt is the first governor of Texas with an automobile.
  • The Houston Ship Channel opens.
  • Fall of the Manchu Dynasty in China; a republic forms with Sun Yat-sen as president.
  • Marie Curie wins the Nobel Prize in chemistry, 1911.
  • Arizona and New Mexico become US states.
  • Over 1,500 die when the Titantic sinks in 1912.
  • Woodrow Wilson becomes the 28th US president.
  • The First World War begins in Europe, 1914.
  • Major structural addition to the Governor’s Mansion, 1914, includes a modern kitchen, a family dining room, and additional rooms upstairs.

Governor: Oscar Branch Colquitt

Governor and Mrs. Colquitt on the steps of the newly renovated Mansion

Image Courtesy: CN00339 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

1917-21

March 8, 1917
1917-21
  • Lt. Governor Hobby sworn in as Governor on Sept. 26, 1917, replacing Ferguson.
  • U. S. joins the Allies in World War I, declaring war on Germany, Hungary and Austria.
  • Armistice ending the world war signed on November 11, 1918.
  • Publication of My Antonia by Willa Cather.
  • Ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution banning alcoholic beverages.
  • Jack Dempsey becomes the world heavyweight boxing champion.
  • US President Woodrow Wilson wins the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.
  • French painter Henri Matisse completes his painting L’Odalisque.
  • Edith Wharton’s novel, The Age of Innocence, wins the Pulitzer Prize in 1921.
  • Warren G. Harding inaugurated as the 29th president of the US

Governor: William Pettus Hobby

First Lady Willie Hobby and friends with a group of children on the Mansion steps

Image Courtesy: PICA08556, Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

1921-25

March 8, 1921
  • American biologist Thomas Morgan postulates the chromosome theory of heredity.
  • Publication of The Wasteland, poem by T. S. Eliot.
  • Discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt.
  • Publication of The Ego and the Id by Sigmund Freud.
  • Calvin Coolidge becomes US President after the death of Warren G. Harding.
  • Sixteen nations participate in the first Winter Olympics.
  • Americans are using an estimated 2.5 million radios.

Governor: Pat M. Neff

1925-27

March 8, 1925
1925-27
  • “Ma” Ferguson becomes the first woman governor of Texas, the second in the US 
  • Publication of The Great Gatsby, a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
  • Founding of the Chrysler Corporation.
  • Hirohito becomes Emperor of Japan.
  • Publication of Winnie the Pooh by A. A. Milne.
  • The opera Turandot, by Puccini, debuts at La Scala in Milan.
  • Firing of the first liquid fuel rocket by Robert H. Goddard of the US.

Governor: Miriam A. Ferguson

Texas Rangers with Governor Miriam “Ma” Ferguson

Image Courtesy: Jordan Company, photograph, 1925-01-20/1927-01-17; University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas Historytexashistory.unt.edu; crediting Austin History Center, Austin Public Library.

1927-31

March 8, 1927
1927-31
  • Charles Lindbergh flies non-stop in Spirit of St. Louis from New York to Paris.
  • Walt Disney presents the first Mickey Mouse films.
  • Composer Maurice Ravel completes his orchestral piece Bolero.
  • Discovery of the penicillin drug by Alexander Fleming.
  • American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic.
  • The city Constantinople is renamed Istanbul.
  • The US stock market crashes on October 24, 1929.

Governor: Dan Moody

Amelia Earhart

Image: Shutterstock.com

1931-33

March 8, 1931
1931-33
  • Release of the film Frankenstein, with actor Boris Karloff as the title character.
  • Population of the U. S. approximately 122 million.
  • Unemployment reaches 13.7 million in the US and over 350,000 in Texas.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the 32nd US President.
  • Adolph Hitler becomes the Chancellor of Germany.
  • Opening of the Chicago World’s Fair.

Governor: Ross S. Sterling

Chicago World’s Fair Poster

Image: Shutterstock.com

1933-35

March 8, 1933
1933-35
  • Historic American Buildings Survey photographs the Mansion and grounds.
  • The US goes off the gold standard for its currency.
  • Repeal of the Prohibition amendment to the US Constitution
  • Frank Capra directs Academy Award winner It Happened One Night with Clark Gable.
  • Current popular songs in the US include Blue Moon and All Through the Night.
  • Plebiscite in Germany favors Hitler as Fuhrer.
  • Debut of Gershwin’s opera, Porgy and Bess.
  • Iran becomes the new name for Persia.

Governor: Miriam A. Ferguson

Celebrating repeal of prohibition

Image: Shutterstock.com

1935-39

March 8, 1935
1935-39
  • Birth of Sam Houston Allred, second governor’s child born in the Mansion.
  • First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visits the Mansion during a trip to Austin.
  • U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.
  • Neville Chamberlin takes office as Prime Minister of Great Britain.
  • Disney releases the animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
  • Patent for nylon obtained for the American chemical company, du Pont.
  • Japan installs a puppet government for China in Nanking, controls several major cities.
  • Germany invades Austria.
  • American author Pearl S. Buck wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • The play Our Town by Thornton Wilder wins the Pulitzer Prize for drama.

Governor: James V. Allred

Conservatory during Governor Allred’s administration

Image Courtesy: PICA06593, Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

Sources:

  • Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon & Schuster/Touchstone, 1991. Jean Daniel, Price Daniel and Dorothy Blodgett. The Texas Governor’s Mansion.
  • Austin: Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, 1984.
  • The Governor’s Mansion of Texas: A Tour of Texas’s Most Historic Home. Austin: Friends of the Governor’s Mansion, 1997.