1939-41March 8, 1939
- “Pappy” O’Daniel invites all Texans to a barbecue at the Mansion after his inauguration at U. T.’s Memorial
- Stadium Gov. O’Daniel broadcasts his Sunday morning radio program from the Mansion.
- Germany invades Poland on Sept. 1, 1939; Britain and France declare war on Germany.
- Publication of Ernest Hemingway’s novel For Whom the Bell Tolls.
- Winston Churchill becomes the British Prime Minister in 1940.
- Release of the movie Citizen Kane starring Orson Welles.
- “Deep in the Heart of Texas” becomes a popular song in the U.S.
Governor: W. Lee O’Daniel
First Lady Merle O’Daniel in State Dining Room
Image Courtesy: PICA06596, Austin History Center, Austin Public Library
1941-47March 8, 1941
- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
- Texas First Lady Fay Stevenson dies in the Mansion on Jan. 3, 1942
- Start of the Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb.
- The play Skin of Our Teeth by Thornton Wilder wins the Pulitzer Prize.
- The D-Day invasion of France by the Allies takes place on June 6, 1944.
- Harry S Truman becomes President of the U.S. upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- The war in Europe ends on May 8, 1945 and Japan surrenders on August 14, 1945.
- Juan Perón becomes president of Argentina.
- Publication of Robert Penn Warren’s novel, All the King’s Men.
- Marriage of Princess Elizabeth of England to Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh.
Governor: Coke R. Stevenson
Governor and Mrs. Stevenson on his Inauguration Day, circa 1941
1976/198-15, Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission
1947-49March 8, 1947
- Invention of the transistor at Bell Labs.
- Assassination of Gandhi.
- Establishment of Israel.
- Opening of the musical South Pacific by Rogers & Hammerstein.
- The People’s Republic of China prevails on the mainland, led by Mao Tse-tung.
- Gov. Jester dies of a heart attack while traveling, the only governor to die in office.
Governor: Beauford H. Jester
1949-57March 8, 1949
- Central heating and air conditioning first installed in the Mansion.
- The Mansion gets its first TV in 1954.
- The Korean War begins.
- Dwight D. Eisenhauer becomes the 34th President of the U.S.
- Publication of J.D. Salinger’s novel, The Catcher in the Rye.
- The 1950 census gives the U.S. population as 150,697,999.
- Publication of Dylan Thomas’ Collected Poems.
- Maureen Connolly wins the four women’s tournaments in the tennis Grand Slam.
- Crowning of Queen Elizabeth II in Great Britain.
- Publication of Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy, winner of Pulitzer Prize.
Governor: Allan Shivers
The Shivers Family, circa 1955
1976/198-184, Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission
1957-63March 8, 1957
- The Governor’s Mansion receives Austin’s first Texas Historical Landmark medallion.
- Texan Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky piano competition in Moscow.
- Albert Camus wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
- Arnold Palmer wins his first Masters golf tournament.
- In Cuba, Fidel Castro becomes the Cuban premier.
- Publication of To Kill a Mockingbird, a Pulitzer Prize winning novel by Harper Lee.
- John F. Kennedy becomes the 35th President of the U.S.
- Construction of the Berlin Wall.
- John Steinbeck wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
- Death of Marilyn Monroe.
- Dr. Michael DeBakey of Houston first uses an artificial heart to sustain a patient during surgery.
Governor: Price Daniel
Governor Price Daniel and his family moved into the Mansion in 1957
1976/198-192, Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission
1963-69March 8, 1963
- President John F. Kennedy assassinated in Dallas on November 22, 1963.
- Governor Connally wounded during the assassination of Kennedy.
- New York debuts of the musicals Hello Dolly and Fiddler on the Roof.
- Martin Luther King wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Lyndon Baines Johnson wins election as 36th President of the U. S.
- Hit movies include The Sound of Music and Dr. Zhivago.
- Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India.
- Soviet spacecraft lands on the moon.
- Six Day War between Arab countries and Israel in 1967.
- Assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy.
- Woodstock music festival takes place in New York state.
Governor: John B. Connally
Bumper sticker for John Connally for Governor
Image Courtesy: MDD 160-b3-f22-17, Houston Public Library, HMRC
1969-73March 8, 1969
- Neil Armstrong, U.S. astronaut from the Apollo 11 mission, walks on the moon on July 4, 1969.
- The National Guard kills four people during student anti-war protests at Kent State in Ohio.
- Richard Nixon is inaugurated as the 37th U.S. President.
- Salvador Allende wins election to presidency of Chile.
- Opening of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC.
- The Watergate Affair begins with the arrest of five men in Democratic National Headquarters.
- The Dallas Cowboys win the 1972 Super Bowl.
- U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and is replaced by Gerald R. Ford.
- Secretariat wins the Triple Crown of horse racing.
Governor: Preston Smith
Governor and Mrs. Preston Smith with Mansion security officers and their wives, circa 1972
1973/71-1, Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission
1973-79March 8, 1973
- Cease fire agreement signed by the U.S., Vietnamese governments and the Vietcong.
- An energy crisis in the U.S. and other countries results from the Arab oil embargo.
- Richard Nixon resigns the presidency and is succeeded by Vice President Gerald R. Ford.
- U.S. evacuates South Vietnam as the country falls to the communists.
- United States celebrates its bicentennial in 1976.
- Jimmy Carter becomes the 39th U.S. President.
- Publication of Roots by Alex Haley.
- Visit to Israel by President Anwar Sadat of Egypt.
- Death of Elvis Presley.
- Pope John Paul II becomes the first Polish-born Pope.
Governor: Dolph Briscoe, Jr.
Front Entry, circa 1979
1982/313-9, Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission
1979-83March 8, 1979
- The Governor’s Mansion undergoes structural restoration and interior redecoration.
- Mid-east peace treaty agreement between Israel, Egypt and the U.S. at Camp David.
- Shah of Iran goes into exile; hostages taken in the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
- Ronald Reagan becomes the 40th President of the U.S.
- Seachers find the Titanic shipwreck in the Atlantic.
- Native Texan Sissy Spacek wins Academy Award as best actress for Coal Miner’s Daughter.
- The refurbished Mansion is re-opened to the public on April 1, 1982.
- Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space on the Challenger space shuttle.
Governor: William P. Clements, Jr.
1983-87March 8, 1983
- Britain’s Prince Charles visits the Governor’s Mansion during the Texas Sesquicentennial.
- Lech Walesa of Poland wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Terms of Endearment, based on the novel by Texan Larry McMurtry, becomes a hit film.
- Introduction of the Apple Macintosh computer.
- U. S. athlete Carl Lewis wins four gold medals at the Olympic Games.
- Sally Field wins Academy Award for best actress for Places in the Heart, a film set in Texas.
- Corazon Aquino becomes president of the Philippines.
- Elie Wiesel of the U.S. wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Vincent van Gogh’s painting, Irises, sells at auction for $49 million.
Governor: Mark Wells White
- Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon & Schuster/Touchstone, 1991. Jean Daniel, Price Daniel and Dorothy Blodgett. The Texas Governor’s Mansion.
- Austin: Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, 1984.
- The Governor’s Mansion of Texas: A Tour of Texas’s Most Historic Home. Austin: Friends of the Governor’s Mansion, 1997.